When you want to maintain your body fit and gain better understanding of physical health and wellness, there’re five components of health-related fitness that you must be aware of. These include:

Muscular Strength

This is pretty much what it sounds like; it’s the amount of force a muscle can produce. This is simply the amount of resistance your muscles can overcome, and it’s typically measured by the maximum amount of weight you can physically move, push, pull, or lift. The size of a muscle is typically in direct proportion to its strength, i.e. the bigger the muscle, the stronger it’s. Muscle strength is best improved by performing weight training.muscular strength endurance

Muscular Endurance

This is when your muscles produce a required amount of force over a certain time frame. With good endurance, your body can perform repeated movements without fatigue. Muscle endurance is best increased through cardio training, exercises such as running, swimming or biking. You can build specific muscular endurance by increasing the amount of time a muscle spends contracting against resistance. To gain endurance for any particular movement, you essentially want to repeat that desired movement over and over and over again.


Cardiovascular Efficiency

This is the body’s ability to undergo vigorous exercise activities over a long period of time. A weak cardiovascular system will prevent your heart and lungs from being able to supply enough oxygen, and therefore energy, to your muscles and, as a result, you get tired more quickly.

This can be improved by performing cardio specific training, or exercises such as walking, running, swimming or any other exercises which increase your heart rate.



This allows you to move body parts through a certain range of motion. It’s the ability to use joints fully, or the capacity of a joint to move through its possible range of motion. Flexibility is one of the most important but also most overlooked components of health-related fitness. Performing stretching exercises will help improve a person’s flexibility while also helping to prevent injury and soreness.

Body Composition

Body composition is the last component of health-related fitness. This is the fat cells compared with lean cells in the body. This can be measured with a number of devices, each having their pros and cons. But some of the more popular ones are a skin fold caliper, bioelectric impedance analysis, or hydrostatic weighing. It is generally stated as a body fat percentage number. Body composition is enhanced by improving your diet as well as frequent exercise.