Wisdom tooth removal involves removing a person’s molar. Some of the main reasons for this procedure include crowding, damage to the surrounding teeth, infection, or irregular growth pattern of teeth. Usually, human beings develop four more teeth between the ages of 18-25 years.
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The additional teeth can create problems if the jaws can’t accommodate them. These molars come out in inconvenient positions which alter the chewing motion of the jaws. Other teeth also become crooked and the overall appearance of the mouth is affected. Grown-in wisdom teeth can be infected posing a worse medical danger.
Regardless of the many reasons why people choose removal of wisdom teeth, the procedure is safe and recovery periods are short. The procedure can be done by a surgeon or a dentist. It’s beneficial especially when the patient is suffering from discomfort and toothache. General anesthesia is administered to patients with special needs or those who are removed multiple teeth at the same time. In other cases, local anesthesia is applied to the tooth being extracted. The procedure can be frightening but there are no reasons for the patient to worry. Before the procedure, the dentist takes an X-ray to assess the condition of the teeth and plan on the best approach. Having a talk with the dentist can make the patient’s mind more at ease.
There are minor complications associated with wisdom tooth removal. These include:
- Pain when opening your jaw.
- Swelling of the gums where the tooth was extracted.
- Damage to existing dental work such as crowns or bridges.
- Bleeding gums within 24 hours after the extraction.
- Nerve damage which leads to prolonged numbness around the gums, cheeks, and lips.
Some patients may suffer serious complications, although this happens on rare occasion. Given enough healing time, majority of the patients recover quickly. Post extraction medication should be prescribed to prevent infections from setting in.